Chapter 14

1; And YAHWEH spoke to Moses, saying,


2; Speak to the sons of Israel, and let them turn and camp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, before Baal-Zephon. You shall camp opposite it, by the sea.


3; And Pharaoh will say as to the sons of Israel, they are wandering and the land has shut them in the wilderness,


4; And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he will pursue you. And I will be honored through Pharaoh, and through all his armies. And the Egyptians shall know that I am YAHWEH. And they did so.


5; And it was told to the king of Egypt that the people had fled; and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned as to the people. And they said, what is this we have done? For we have sent away Israel from serving us.


6; And he prepared his chariots. And he took his people with him.


7; And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and officers over all of them.


8; And YAHWEH hardened Pharaoh, king of Egypt's heart. And he pursued the sons of Israel. And the sons of Israel were going out with a high hand.


9; And the Egyptians pursued them. And they overtook them camping by the sea, all the horses and the chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, by Pihahiroth, before Baal- Zephon.


10; And Pharaoh came near, and the sons of Israel raised their eyes, and, behold! The Egyptians were pulling up after them! And they were greatly afraid. And the sons of Israel cried to YAHWEH.


11; And they said to Moses, Were there no graves in Egypt, that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? What is this you have done to us, to bring us out from Egypt?


12; Is this not the word which we spoke to you in Egypt, saying, Go away from us, and let us serve the Egyptians. For it is good for us to serve the Egyptians, than to die in the wilderness.


13; And Moses said to the people, Do not be afraid. Take your stand and see the salvation (Yahshua) of YAHWEH, which He will prepare for you today. For as you see the Egyptians today, you shall not continue to see them again forever.


14; YAHWEH will fight for you, and you be silent.


15; And YAHWEH said to Moses, Why do you cry to Me? Speak to the sons of Israel, and let them pull up stakes.


16; And you, raise your staff, and stretch out your hand over the sea, and divide it so that the sons of Israel may go in the midst of the sea on dry ground.


17; And behold! I am making strong the heart of the Egyptians. And they will go after them. And I will be honored through Pharaoh and through his armies, through his chariots, and through his horsemen.


18; And the Egyptians shall know that I am YAHWEH, in My being honored through Pharaoh, through his chariots, and through his horsemen.


19; And the Messenger of Elohim withdrew, the One going before the camp of Israel. And He went behind them. And the pillar of cloud withdrew from before them, and it stood behind them.


20; And it came between the camp of Egypt and the camp of Israel. And it was cloudy and dark. And it lit up the night; and this one did not come near to that one all night.


21; And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and YAHWEH caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all night. And He made the sea dry land, and the waters divided.


22; And the sons of Israel came into the middle of the sea on dry ground, the waters being a wall to them from their right and from their left.


23; And the Egyptians pursued, and all the horses of Pharaoh came after them, his chariots and his horsemen, into the middle of the sea.


24; And it happened in the morning watch: YAHWEH looked on the camp of the Egyptians in the pillar of fire and cloud. And He confused the camp of the Egyptians.


25; And He took off the wheels of their chariots, and made them drive with difficulty. And the Egyptians said, I will flee from the face of Israel, for YAHWEH is fighting for them against the Egyptians.


26; And YAHWEH said to Moses, Stretch out your hand over the sea, and let the waters return on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen.


27; And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its usual flow, at the turning of the morning, and the Egyptians were fleeing to meet it. And YAHWEH shook off the Egyptians into the middle of the sea.


28; And the waters returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen, together with all the army of Pharaoh, those going after them, into the sea. And not even one was left among them.


29; And the sons of Israel walked on dry ground in the middle of the sea, the waters being a wall for them, from their right and from their left.


30; And YAHWEH saved Israel in that day from the hand of Egypt. And Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.


31; And Israel saw the great hand with which YAHWEH worked against Egypt. And the people feared YAHWEH, and they believed in YAHWEH and in His servant Moses.


Chapter 15

1; Then Moses and the sons of Israel sang this song to YAHWEH, and spoke, saying, I will sing to YAHWEH, for He is highly exalted. He has thrown the horse and his rider into the sea.


2; My strength and song is Yah, and He was to me YAHSHUA; this is my Eli and I will glorify Him; the Elohe of my father, and I will exalt Him.


3; YAHWEH is a Man of war; YAHWEH is His name.


4; He has cast Pharaoh's chariots and his army in the sea; and the choice ones of his officers are drowned in the Sea of Reeds,


5; the depths cover them; they have dropped into the depths like a stone.


6; Your right hand, O YAHWEH, is glorious in power; O YAHWEH, Your right hand dashes the enemy to pieces.


7; And in Your majesty's greatness You pull down those rising up against You; You send forth Your wrath; it consumes them like stubble.


8; And by the spirit of Your anger waters were heaped up; the running waters stood like a wall; the depths congealed in the heart of the sea.


9; The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my soul shall be filled with them; I will draw my sword; my hand will destroy them.


10; You blew with Your wind, the sea covered them; they sank like lead in mighty waters.


11; Who is like You among the Elohim, O YAHWEH? Who is like You, glorified in holiness, fearful in praises, O Worker of wonders?


12; You stretched Your right hand; the earth swallowed them.


13; In Your mercy You led the people whom You redeemed; You guided in Your strength to Your set-apart dwelling.


14; Peoples heard; they tremble; trembling seized the dwellers of Philistia.


15; Then the chiefs of Edom were terrified; the leaders of Moab were seized by trembling; all the dwellers of Canaan were melted.


16; Terrors and dread fell on them; by the greatness of Your arm; they are silent as a stone, until Your people pass through, O YAHWEH, until pass through the people whom You have bought.


17; You shall bring them in and plant them in the mountain of Your inheritance, the place You have made for Your dwelling place, O YAHWEH; the sanctuary which Your hands have prepared, O YAHWEH.


18; YAHWEH reigns forever and ever!


19; For the horses of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and his horsemen into the sea, and YAHWEH brought back the waters of the sea on them; and the sons of Israel walked on dry land in the midst of the sea.


20; And the sister of Aaron, Miriam the prophetess, took the timbrel in her hand, and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.


21; And Miriam answered to them, Sing to YAHWEH, for triumphing He has triumphed gloriously; He has thrown the horse and its rider into the sea.


22; And Moses made Israel to pull out from the Sea of Reeds. And they went out into the wilderness of Shur. And they went into the wilderness three days, and did not find water.


23; And they came to Marah. And they were not able to drink water from Marah, for it was bitter. Therefore, one called its name Marah.


24; And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?


25; And he cried to YAHWEH, and YAHWEH showed him a tree. And he threw it into the water, and the water became sweet. He made a statute and an ordinance for them there, and He tested them there.


26; And He said, If you carefully listen to the voice of YAHWEH your Elohim, and do what is right in His eyes, and you give ear to His instructions, and keep all His statutes, I will not put on you all the diseases which I have put on Egypt; for I am YAHWEH Rapha.


27; And they came to Elim. And there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees. And they camped by the waters.


Chapter 16

1; And they pulled up stakes from Elim. And all the congregation of the sons of Israel came into the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their going out from the land of Egypt.


2; And all the congregation of the sons of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron in the wilderness.


3; And the sons of Israel said to them, Would that we had died by the hand of YAHWEH in the land of Egypt, in our sitting by the fleshpots, in our eating bread to satisfaction. For you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill all this assembly with hunger.


4; And YAHWEH said to Moses, Behold, I AM will rain bread from the heavens for you. And the people shall go out and gather the matter of a day in its day, so that I may test them, whether they will walk in My Torah or not.


5; And it shall be on the sixth day they shall prepare what they bring in. And it shall be double what they gather day by day.


6; And Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel, At evening you shall know that YAHWEH has brought you from the land of Egypt;


7; and in the morning you shall see the glory of YAHWEH, in His hearing your murmurings against YAHWEH; and we, what are we that you murmur against us?


8; And Moses said, When YAHWEH gives you flesh to eat in the evening, and bread in the morning, to satisfaction; when YAHWEH hears your murmurings which you are murmuring against Him, you will see. And what are we? Your murmurings are not against us, but against YAHWEH.


9; And Moses spoke to Aaron, Say to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, Come near before YAHWEH; for He has heard your murmurings.


10; And it happened, as Aaron was speaking to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, they turned toward the wilderness. And, behold! The glory of YAHWEH appeared in the cloud!


11; And YAHWEH spoke to Moses, saying,


12; I have heard the murmurings of the sons of Israel. Speak to them, saying, Between the evenings you shall eat flesh; and in the morning you shall be satisfied with bread; and you shall know that I am YAHWEH your Elohim.


13; And it happened in the evening: the quail came up and covered the camp. And in the morning a layer of dew was around the camp.


14; And the layer of dew went up, and, behold, something small was on the face of the wilderness, scalelike, small like the hoarfrost on the earth.


15; And the sons of Israel looked. And they said, each one to his brother, What is that? For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, That is the bread which YAHWEH has given to you for food.


16; This is the thing which YAHWEH instructed. Gather from it, each one according to the mouth of his eating; an omer for a head. By the number of your souls you shall take for each man who is in your tent.


17; And so the sons of Israel did. And they gathered; the one gathering much and the one gathering little.


18; And they measured with an omer. And the one gathering much did not have too much. And the one gathering little did not have any need. Each one gathered according to the mouth of his eating.


19; And Moses said to them, Do not let anyone leave from it until morning.


20; And they did not listen to Moses. And some left from it until morning; and it became rotten with maggots, and stunk. And Moses was angry against them.


21; And they gathered it in the morning, each one in the morning according to the mouth of his eating. And it melted in the heat of the sun.


22; And it came about on the sixth day, they gathered double bread, two omers for one. And all the leaders of the congregation came and reported to Moses.


23; And he said to them, That is what YAHWEH said, Tomorrow is a rest, a set-apart Sabbath to YAHWEH. What you will bake, bake. And boil what you will boil. And lay up for yourselves all that is left over, to keep it until the morning.


24; And they laid it up until the morning, as Moses instructed. And it did not stink and no maggot was in it.


25; And Moses said, Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath to YAHWEH. Today you will not find it in the field.


26; You shall gather it six days, and on the seventh day is a sabbath; in it none shall be found.


27; And it happened on the seventh day, some of the people went out to gather, and did not find any.


28; And YAHWEH said to Moses, Until when do you refuse to keep My instructions and My statutes?


29; Behold! Because YAHWEH has given the sabbath to you, therefore He is giving to you two days of bread on the sixth day. Each one of you remain in his place. Do not let anyone go out from his place on the seventh day.


30; And the people rested on the seventh day.


31; And the house of Israel called its name, Manna. And it was like the seed of coriander, white; and its taste like cakes with honey.


32; And Moses said, This is the thing which YAHWEH has instructed, Fill an omer from it, to keep for your generations, so that they may see the bread which I caused you to eat in the wilderness, as I brought you out from the land of Egypt.


33; And Moses said to Aaron, Take one pitcher, and put there the fullness of an omer of manna, and deposit it before YAHWEH, to keep for your generations.


34; Even as YAHWEH instructed Moses, Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to keep it.


35; And the sons of Israel ate the manna forty years, until their coming into an inhabited land. They ate the manna until their coming to the border of the land of Canaan.


36; And the omer was the tenth of an ephah.


Chapter 17

1; And all the congregation of the sons of Israel pulled up stakes from the Wilderness of Sin, according to their journeys, by the mouth of YAHWEH. And they camped in Rephidim. And there was no water for the drinking of the people.


2; And the people fought with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said to them, Why do you fight with me? Why do you tempt YAHWEH?


3; And the people thirsted there for water, and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Why, then, have you caused us to go up from Egypt, to kill me and my sons and my livestock with thirst?


4; And Moses cried to YAHWEH, saying, What shall I do to this people? Yet a little and they will stone me.


5; And YAHWEH said to Moses, Pass on in front of the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel. And take in your hand your staff with which you smote the Nile, and go.


6; Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb. And you shall smite the rock, and water will come out of it; and the people will drink. And Moses did so before the eyes of the elders of Israel.


7; And one called the name of the place, Massah, and Meribah, because of the contention of the sons of Israel, and because of their testing of YAHWEH, saying, Is YAHWEH in our midst or not?


8; And Amalek came and fought against Israel in Rephidim.


9; And Moses said to Joshua, Choose men for us, and go fight against Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill, with the staff of Elohim in my hand.


10; And Joshua did as Moses had said to him, to fight against Amalek. And Moses, Aaron and Hur went up to the top of the hill.


11; And so it was that when Moses lifted his hand, Israel prevailed. And when he rested his hand, Amalek prevailed.


12; And the hands of Moses became heavy. And they took a stone and put it under him. And he sat on it. And Aaron and Hur held up his hands, one from this and one from that side. And his hands were steady until the going of the sun.


13; And Joshua defeated Amalek and his people by the mouth of the sword.


14; And YAHWEH said to Moses, Write this, a memorial in a book, and set it in the ears of Joshua, that I will utterly wipe away the remembrance of Amalek under the heavens.


15; And Moses built an altar. And he called its name, YAHWEH Nisee.


16; And he said, A hand is on the throne of Yah; war is to YAHWEH with Amalek from generation to generation.


Chapter 18

1; And Jethro the priest of Midian, the father-in-law of Moses, heard all that which Elohim had done for Moses and for His people Israel, that YAHWEH had caused Israel to go out from Egypt.


2; And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife,


3; and her two sons, one's name was Gershom,


4; and one's name was Eliezer.


5; And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, and his sons and his wife came to Moses, to the wilderness where he camped, at the mount of Elohim.


6; And he said to Moses, I, your father-in-law Jethro, and your wife, and your two sons with her have come to you.


7; And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and bowed, and kissed him. And they asked each to his neighbor, as to their welfare. And they entered the tent.


8; And Moses told his father-in-law all that YAHWEH had done to Pharaoh and to Egypt on account of Israel, all the trouble which they had found in the way, and YAHWEH had delivered them.


9; And Jethro rejoiced regarding all the good which YAHWEH had done to Israel whom He had delivered from the hand of Egypt.


10; And Jethro said, Blessed be YAHWEH who has delivered you from the hand of Egypt, and from the hand of Pharaoh; He who delivered the people from under the hand of Egypt.


11; Now I know that YAHWEH is greater than all the Elohims; truly, in the way in which He acted proudly against them.


12; And Jethro, the father-in-law of Moses, took a burnt offering and sacrifices to Elohim. And Aaron and all the elders of Israel came to eat bread before Elohim with Moses' father-in-law.


13; And it happened on the next day that Moses sat to judge the people. And the people stood beside Moses from the morning until the evening.


14; And Moses' father-in-law saw all which he was doing to the people. And he said, What is this thing which you are doing to the people? Why are you sitting by yourself, and all the people standing beside you from morning until evening?


15; And Moses said to his father-in- law, Because the people come to me to seek Elohim.


16; When they have a matter, they come to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor. And I make known the statutes of Elohim, and the statutes from His Torah.


17; And the father-in-law of Moses said to him, The thing which you do is not good.


18; Surely you will wear out, both you and this people with you. For the thing is heavy for you. You are not able to do it by yourself.


19; Now listen to my voice. I will advise you, and may Elohim be with you. You be for this people before Elohim, and you bring the matters to Elohim.


20; And you warn them as to the statutes of the Torah, and make known to them the way in which they should walk, and the work which they should do.


21; And you, you shall look out men of ability out of all the people, who fear Elohim, men of truth, hating unjust gain. And you place these over them as rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.


22; And let them judge the people at all times. And it shall be that every great matter they shall bring to you, and every small matter they shall judge. And you make it easy on yourself, and let them bear with you.


23; If you do this thing, and Elohim instructs you, you will be able to stand; and also this people will go in peace to their place.


24; And Moses listened to the voice of his father-in-law, and he did all that he had said.


25; And Moses chose men of ability from all Israel and made them heads over the people; rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.


26; And they judged the people at all times; the hard matters they brought to Moses, and every small matter they judged themselves.


27; And Moses let depart his father- in-law, and he went to his own land.


Chapter 19

1; In the third month of the going out of the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, on this day they came to the wilderness of Sinai.


2; And they pulled up stakes from Rephidim and came to the wilderness of Sinai. And they camped in the wilderness. And Israel camped there before the mountain.


3; And Moses went up to Elohim. And YAHWEH called to him from the mountain, saying, You shall say this to the house of Jacob, and tell it to the sons of Israel.


4; You have seen what I did to Egypt; and I bore you on eagles wings and brought you to Me.


5; And now if listening you will listen to My voice, and will keep My covenant, you shall become a special treasure to Me above all the nations, for all the earth is Mine.


6; And you shall become a kingdom of priests for Me, a set-apart nation. These are the words which you shall speak to the sons of Israel.


7; And Moses came and called the elders of the people. And he put all these words before them which YAHWEH instructed him.


8; And all the people answered together and said, All which YAHWEH has spoken we will do. And Moses brought back the words of the people to YAHWEH.


9; And YAHWEH said to Moses, Behold, I come to you in a darkness of clouds, so that the people may hear My speaking with you, and in you they may believe forever. And Moses told the words of the people to YAHWEH.


10; And YAHWEH said to Moses, Go to the people and sanctify them today and tomorrow. And let them wash their clothes.


11; And be ready for the third day. For on the third day YAHWEH will go down before the eyes of all the people on the mountain of Sinai.


12; And you shall set limits to the people all around, saying, Be careful for yourselves, not going up into the mountain and touching its border; everyone touching the mountain surely shall die.


13; Not a hand shall touch him, but stoning he shall be stoned, or piercing he shall be shot through. He shall not live, whether animal or man. At the sounding of the ram's horn, they shall go up into the mountain.


14; And Moses went from the mountain to the people. And he sanctified the people, and they washed their clothes.


15; And he said to the people, Be ready for the third day. Do not approach a woman.


16; And on the third day, it being morning, it happened: There were thunders and lightnings, and a heavy cloud on the mountain, and the sound of a ram's horn, very strong! And all the people in the camp trembled.


17; And Moses caused the people to go up from the camp to meet The Elohim. And they took their stand at the lower part of the mountain.


18; And the mountain of Sinai was smoking, all of it, because YAHWEH came down on it in fire. And its smoke went up like the smoke of a furnace; and the mountain quaked exceedingly.


19; And it happened while the sound of the ram's horn was sounding, and becoming very strong, Moses spoke. And The Elohim answered him by a voice.


20; And YAHWEH came down on the mountain of Sinai, to the top of the mountain; and YAHWEH called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.


21; And YAHWEH said to Moses, Go down, warn the people lest they break through to see YAHWEH, and many of them fall.


22; And also the priests, those approaching YAHWEH, let them sanctify themselves that YAHWEH not burst forth among them.


23; And Moses said to

YAHWEH, The people are not able to come up to the mountain of Sinai. For You warned us, saying, Set limits to the mountain and sanctify it.


24; And YAHWEH said to him, Come, go down. And you come up, and Aaron with you. And let not the priests and the people break through to come up to YAHWEH, lest He burst forth among them.


25; And Moses went down to the people and spoke to them.



Chapter 20

1; And Elohim spoke all these words, saying,


2; I am YAHWEH your Elohim, who has brought you out from the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.


3; You shall not have any other Elohim before My face.


4; You shall not make a graven image for yourself, or any likeness in the heavens above, or in the earth beneath, or in the waters under the earth;


5; you shall not bow to them, and you shall not serve them; for I am YAHWEH your Elohim, a jealous El, visiting the iniquity of fathers on sons, on the third and on the fourth generation, to those that hate Me;


6; and doing kindness to thousands, to those loving Me, and to those keeping My instructions.


7; You shall not take the name of YAHWEH your Elohim in vain; for YAHWEH will not leave unpunished the one who takes His name in vain.


8; Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it set-apart;


9; six days you shall labor and do all your work;


10; and the seventh day is a Sabbath to YAHWEH your Elohim; you shall not do any work, you, and your son, and your daughter, your male slave and your slave-girl, and your livestock, and your stranger who is in your gates.


11; For in six days YAHWEH made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all which is in them, and He rested on the seventh day; on account of this YAHWEH blessed the Sabbath day and sanctified it.


12; Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long on the land which YAHWEH your Elohim is giving to you.


13; You shall not murder.


14; You shall not commit adultery.


15; You shall not steal.


16; You shall not testify a witness of falsehood against your neighbor.


17; You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his male slave, or his slave-girl, or his ox, or his donkey , or anything which belongs to your neighbor.


18; And all the people saw the thunders, and the lightnings, and the sound of the ram's horn, and the smoking mountain. And the people looked, and they trembled, and they stood from a distance.


19; And they said to Moses, You speak with us, and we will hear. And let us not speak with Elohim that we not die.


20; And Moses said to the people, Do not be afraid, for Elohim has come in order to test you, and so that His fear may be on your faces, that you may not sin.


21; And the people stood from a distance, and Moses went near the thick darkness where Elohim was.


22; And YAHWEH said to Moses, You shall say this to the sons of Israel, You have seen that I have spoken with you from the heavens.


23; You shall not make Elohims of silver along with Me, and you shall not make Elohims of gold for yourselves.


24; You shall make an altar of earth for Me, and you shall sacrifice your burnt offerings and your peace offerings on it, your sheep and your cattle. In every place in which I bring to memory My name, and I will come to you and I will bless you.


25; And if you make an altar of stone for Me, you shall not build them of cut stones. When you swing your tool on it, you defile it.


26; And you shall not go up by steps to My altar, that your nakedness may not be uncovered on it.