Book of Deuteronomy

Chapter 1

1; These are the words which Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan; in the wilderness, in the Arabah, opposite to Suph, between Paran and Tophel, and Laban and Hazeroth, and Dizahab;


2; eleven days from Horeb by way of Mount Seir to Kadesh-Barnea.


3; And it came to pass, in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month on the first of the month, Moses spoke to the sons of Israel according to all that YAHWEH had instructed him concerning them;


4; after he had stricken Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth in Edrei,


5; beyond the Jordan in the land of Moab, Moses began to explain this law, saying,


6; YAHWEH our Elohim spoke to us in Horeb, saying, You have had enough of dwelling in this mountain;


7; turn and pull up stakes and go into the hills of the Amorites, and to all its neighboring places in the Arabah, in the hills, and in the low country, and in the Negev, and in the shore of the sea, the land of the Canaanites and of Lebanon, to the great river, the Euphrates River.


8; Behold! I have given before you the land; go in and possess the land which YAHWEH has sworn to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give to them, and to their seed after them.


9; And I spoke to you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you by myself.


10; YAHWEH your Elohim has multiplied you, and, behold, today you are as the stars of heaven for multitude.


11; May YAHWEH the Elohim of your fathers add to you a thousand times more than you are, and bless you as He has spoken to you!


12; How can I by myself bear the load of you and your burden, and your strife?


13; Give wise and understanding men, and those known to your tribes, and I will appoint them rulers over you.


14; And you answered me and said, The thing which you have spoken is good to do.


15; And I took the chiefs of your tribes, wise and noted men, and I gave them to be rulers over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers, for your tribes.


16; And I instructed your judges at that time, saying, Hear between your brothers; and judge with righteousness between a man and his brother, and his alien.


17; You shall not recognize persons in judgment; you shall hear the small as well as the great; you shall not be afraid because of the face of a man, for the judgment is Elohim's; and the thing too hard for you, you shall bring near to me, and I shall hear it.


18; And at that time I instructed you all the things which you were to do.


19; And we pulled up stakes from Horeb and went through all that great and fearful wilderness which you have seen, the way of the hills of the Amorites, as YAHWEH our Elohim instructed us. And we came into Kadesh-Barnea.


20; And I said to you, You have come into the hills of the Amorites, which YAHWEH our Elohim is giving to us.


21; See, YAHWEH your Elohim has given the land before you; go up, Deuteronomy possess it, as YAHWEH the Elohim of your fathers has spoken to you; do not fear or be afraid.


22; And you came near to me, every one of you, and said, Let us send men before us, and they shall search out the land for us, and they shall bring us back word as to the way in which we shall go up, and the cities to which we shall come.


23; And the thing was good in my eyes, and I took twelve men of you, one man for each tribe.


24; And they turned and went up to the hills and came into the valley of Eshcol, and searched it.


25; And they took of the fruit of the land with their hands and brought it down to us, and brought us back word, and said, The land which YAHWEH our Elohim has given us is good.


26; And you were not willing to go up; yea, you rebelled against the mouth of YAHWEH your Elohim,


27; and murmured in your tents, and said, Because YAHWEH hates us, He has brought us out of the land of Egypt, to give us into the hand of the Amorite to destroy us.


28; Where shall we go up? Our brothers have melted our hearts, saying, We have seen there a people greater and taller than we, cities great and walled up to the heavens, and also the sons of Anak.


29; And I said to you, do not be terrified; nor be afraid of them;


30; YAHWEH your Elohim who goes before you shall fight for you, according to all that He did for you in Egypt before your eyes;


31; and in the wilderness, where you have seen how YAHWEH your Elohim has borne you as a man bears his son, in all the way which you have gone until you have come to this place.


32; Yet in this thing you are not believing in YAHWEH your Elohim,


33; who went before you in the way to seek out a place for your camping, in fire by night, to show you the way in which you should go, and in a cloud by the day.


34; And YAHWEH heard the sound of your words and was angry, and swore, saying,


35; Not one of these men of this evil generation shall see the good land which I have sworn to give to your fathers,


36; except Caleb the son of Jephunneh, he shall see it, and I shall give the land on which he has walked to him, and to his sons, because he has fully followed YAHWEH.


37; And YAHWEH was angry with me for your sake, saying, Also you shall not go in there.


38; Joshua the son of Nun, who stands before you, he shall go in there; you shall strengthen him; for he shall cause Israel to inherit.


39; And your infants, of whom you said, They are a prey, and your sons who today have no knowledge of good or evil, they shall go in there, and I will give it to them, and they shall possess it.


40; And you, turn yourselves and pull up stakes toward the wilderness, the way of the Sea of Reeds {suph}.


41; And you answered and said to me, We have sinned against YAHWEH; we shall go up, and we shall fight, according to all that which YAHWEH our Elohim has instructed us. And you each one girded on his weapons of war, and you thought it easy to go up to the hill country.


42; And YAHWEH said to me, Say to them, You shall not go up, nor fight, for I am not in your midst; lest you be struck before your enemies.


43; And I spoke to you, and you did not listen, and rebelled against the mouth of YAHWEH, and acted proudly, and went up into the hills.


44; And the Amorites who lived in that hill country came out to meet you and they chased you, as the bees do, and struck you in Seir, to Hormah.


45; And you returned and wept before YAHWEH, but YAHWEH did not listen to your voice, nor did He give ear to you.


46; And you lived many days in Kadesh, according to the days that you remained there.


Chapter 2

1; And we turned and pulled up stakes into the wilderness, the way of the Red Sea, as YAHWEH had spoken to me; and we went around the mountain of Seir many days.


2; And YAHWEH spoke to me, saying,


3; You have gone around this mountain long enough; turn yourselves northward.


4; And instruct the people, saying, You are passing over into the border of your brothers, the sons of Esau, who live in Seir, and they shall be afraid of you. And you shall be on guard very much;


5; you shall not fight against them, for I will not give their land to you, even to a step of a sole of a foot, for I have given Mount Seir to Esau as a possession.


6; You shall buy food from them with silver, and you shall eat; and you shall buy water from them with silver, and you shall drink.


7; For YAHWEH your Elohim has blessed you with all the work of your hands; He has known your walking through this great wilderness. YAHWEH your Elohim has been with you these forty years; you have lacked nothing.


8; And we passed on from our brothers, the sons of Esau, those living in Seir, by the way of the Arabah, by Elath, and by Ezion-Geber, we turned and passed on by the way of the wilderness of Moab.


9; And YAHWEH said to me, Do not besiege Moab, nor stir yourself up against them in battle, for I will not give their land to you for a possession. For I have given Ar as a possession to the sons of Lot.


10; The Emim lived there in days gone by, a great and plentiful people, and tall as the Anakim;


11; they are reckoned to be giants, they too, like the Anakim; but the Moabites call them Emim.


12; And the Horites lived in Seir before; and the sons of Esau dispossessed them and destroyed them from before them, and lived in their place, as Israel has done to the land of his possession, which YAHWEH has given to them.


13; Now, rise up and you yourselves pass over the torrent Zered; and we crossed over the torrent Zered.


14; And the days in which we came from Kadesh-Barnea, until we had crossed over the torrent Zered, were thirty eight years, until the end of all the generation, even the men of war were destroyed from the midst of the camp, as YAHWEH swore to them.


15; And the hand of YAHWEH was also against them, to destroy them from the midst of the camp, until they were consumed.


16; And it happened, when all the men of war had finished dying from among the people,


17; YAHWEH spoke to me, saying,


18; You are passing over the border of Moab today, to Ar,


19; and you shall draw near, across from the sons of Ammon. You shall not besiege them nor be stirred up against them, for I have not given of the land of the sons of Ammon to you for a possession. For I have given it for a possession to the sons of Lot.


20; It is reckoned a land of giants, even it; giants formerly lived in it, and the Ammonites call them Zamzummim;


21; a great and plentiful people, and tall as the Anakim. And YAHWEH destroyed them before them, and they expelled them, and lived in their place;


22; as He had done for the sons of Esau, who live in Seir, when He destroyed the Horites from before them and they expelled them, and lived in their place until today.


23; And the Avvim who lived in villages as far as Azzah, the Caphtorites coming out of Caphtor destroyed them, and lived in their place.


24; Rise up; pull up stakes and cross over the Arnon River; behold, I have given Sihon the king of Heshbon, the Amorite, and his land into your hand. Begin to possess, and stir yourselves up against him in battle.


25; Today I will begin to put your dread and your fear on the face of the people under all the heavens, who will hear your fame, and will tremble and writhe because of you.


26; And I sent messengers from the wilderness of Kedemoth to Sihon the king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying,


27; Let me pass on the highway through your land; I will go on the highway; I will not turn aside to the right or the left;


28; you shall sell me food for silver, and I shall eat; and you shall give me water for silver, and I will drink. Only, let me pass through on my feet,


29; as the sons of Esau who live in Seir, and the Moabites who live in Ar, have done to me, until I have crossed over the Jordan, to the land which YAHWEH our Elohim is giving to us.


30; And Sihon the king of Heshbon was not willing to let us pass by him, for YAHWEH your Elohim had hardened his spirit, and had emboldened his heart, so as to give him into your hand, as it is this day.


31; And YAHWEH said to me, Behold, I have begun to give Sihon and his land before you; begin to possess, in order to possess his land.


32; And Sihon came out to meet us, he and all his people, to battle at Jahaz.


33; And YAHWEH our Elohim delivered him before us, and we struck him and his sons, and all his people.


34; And we captured all his cities at that time, and utterly destroyed every city, men and women and little ones. We did not leave a remnant.


35; Only, we plundered the cattle for ourselves, and we took the plunder of the cities.


36; From Aroer, which is by the edge of the Arnon River, and the city beside the river, even to Gilead, there was not a city which was too high for us. YAHWEH our Elohim delivered all before us.


37; Only, you did not come near to the land of the sons of Ammon, any part of the Jabbok River, and the cities of the hill country, and all which YAHWEH our Elohim had forbidden us.


Chapter 3

1; And we turned and went up by the way of Bashan, and Og the king of Bashan came out to meet us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei.


2; And YAHWEH said to me, Do not fear him, for I have given him into your hand, and all his people, and his land. And you shall do to him as you have done to Sihon the king of the Amorites who lived in Heshbon.


3; And YAHWEH our Elohim also gave Og the king of Bashan into our hands, and all his people. And we struck him until not one survivor was left to him.


4; And we captured all his cities at that time, there not being a city which we did not take from them, sixty cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.


5; All these cities were fortified with high walls, gates with bars and double- leaved doors, besides a great many of the unwalled towns.


6; And we utterly destroyed them, as we had done to Sihon the king of Heshbon, destroying every city, the men, the women and the little ones.


7; And we plundered for ourselves all the livestock, and the plunder of the cities.


8; And we took the land that was beyond the Jordan from the valley of Arnon to Mount Hermon, out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites.


9; The Sidonians call Hermon Sirion, and the Amorites call it Senir;


10; all the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, to Salcah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.


11; For only Og the king of Bashan remained of the rest of the giants. Behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the sons of Ammon, nine cubits long and four cubits broad, by the cubit of a man?


12; And we possessed this land at that time: from Aroer by the valley of Arnon, and half the hill country of Gilead and its cities I gave to the Reubenites and to the Gadites.


13; And the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, the kingdom of Og, I gave to the half tribe of Manasseh; all the

region of Argob, to all Bashan that is called the land of the giants.


14; Jair the son of Manasseh took all the region of Argob, to the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and called them, even Bashan, after his own name, Towns of Jair, until today.


15; And I gave Gilead to Machir.


16; And to the Reubenites and to the Gadites I gave from Gilead even to the valley of Arnon, the middle of the valley and its border; even to the Jabbok River, which is the border of the sons of Ammon;


17; and the Arabah, the Jordan and its border, from Chinnereth even to the sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, under the Slopes of Pisgah eastward.


18; And I instructed you at that time, saying, YAHWEH your Elohim has given you this land to possess it. And you shall pass over armed before your brothers, the sons of Israel, all the warriors.


19; Only, your wives and your little ones, and your livestock, shall dwell in your cities which I have given to you. I know that you have much livestock.


20; It shall be until YAHWEH shall give rest to your brothers like yourselves, and they, too, have possessed the land which YAHWEH your Elohim is giving to them beyond the Jordan. Then you shall each man return to his possession which I have given to you.


21; And I at that time instructed Joshua, saying, Your eyes have seen all that YAHWEH your Elohim has done to these two kings; so YAHWEH shall do to all the kingdoms to which you are passing over.


22; Do not fear them, for YAHWEH your Elohim, He shall fight for you.


23; And I prayed to YAHWEH for favor at that time, saying,


24; Adonai YAHWEH, You have begun to show Your servant Your greatness and Your mighty hand?


25; Please let me pass over and see the good land which is beyond the Jordan, this good hill country, and Lebanon.


26; But YAHWEH was angry with me on your account, and would not listen to me. And YAHWEH said to me, Let it be enough for you; do not speak any more to Me about this thing.


27; Go up to the top of Pisgah and lift up your eyes westward and northward and southward and eastward, and see with your eyes; for you shall not cross over this Jordan.


28; And instruct Joshua and make him strong, and make him brave, for he shall cross over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which you shall see.


29; So we stayed in the valley across from Beth-Peor.